Instructions to Authors

International Journal of Applied Ayurved Research (IJAAR) is a bi-monthly online journal. IJAAR provides a plot form for different sources of Ayurvedic research and revalidated knowledge in Ayurveda to all scholars, students, and practitioners. we accept Original articles, Single case reports, review articles, short notes, related to the field of Ayurveda.                                                    Submission of Manuscripts: All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website www.ijaar.in. First time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory. Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their user name and password. Authors do not have to pay for submission. If you experience any problems, please contact the editorial office by e-mail at: editor@ijaar.in.

The submitted manuscripts that are not as per the “Instructions to Authors” would be returned to the authors for technical correction, before they undergo editorial/ peer-review. Generally, the manuscript should be submitted in the form of two separate files:

Title Page/First Page File/covering letter:

This file should provide

The type of manuscript (original article, case report, review article.), title of the manuscript, running title, names of all authors/ contributors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations) and name(s) of department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited, . All information which can reveal your identity should be here. Use text/doc files. Do not zip the files.

a.The name, address, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and final approval of the proofs, if that information is not included on the manuscript itself.

b.Registration number in case of a clinical trial and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL)

Main text Article file: The manuscript must not contain any mention of the authors' names or initials or the institution at which the study was done or acknowledgements. Page headers/running title can include the title but not the authors' names. Manuscripts not in compliance with The Journal's blinding policy will be returned to the corresponding author. The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract till References (including Tables, Images and graphs) should be in this file. Use doc files. Do not zip the files.

Authors should prepare the manuscript according to the standards of IJAAR. Manuscripts not fulfilling the general guidelines of IJAAR may result in delayed publication or rejection.

The review process and detailed instructions to Authors and Editors:  Peer Review Policy

The articles submitted will be evaluated by the Editorial team for their completeness they are assigned to the reviewers of the concerned subject the article will be evaluated for the subject content, relevance to the subject, language, and plagiarism. The journal follows a double-blind review process. After review, if any comments or suggestions are received from the reviewer, then the article is forwarded to the author for modifications. Chief Editor takes the final decision on the manuscript based on the reviewer’s comments and revisions made by the authors. In case the manuscript is rejected and the authors request the editor to reconsider the decision with valid arguments/amendments, the manuscript is sent for further review and the final decision is based upon reviewer recommendations.

Once the author completes the corrections, the manuscript will be considered for publication. 

Canvassing in any form, at any stage of the article will lead to the rejection of the manuscript. 

The minimum duration of the review process from the date of submission of the article will be 7 working days. 

The article accepted for publication will be queued for the next issue of publication.

The journal does not publish articles continuously.

http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf 

Plagiarism:
Plagiarism is the act of using another person’s  same contents or ideas without giving credit to that person. The authors are strictly advised not to indulge in any form of plagiarism. If the content is found to be plagiarised submitted manuscript will be rejected

 Authorship Criteria

All authors are expected to follow the ICMJE guidelines for authorship. All authorships should be decided and agreed upon prior to submission of the manuscript. Any dispute thereafter will not be acceptable. The journal does not encourage 'guest', 'gift' or 'ghost' authorship. All authors must fulfil all the four ICMJE authorship criteria. Please read the guidelines here:

https://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html

All persons who do not meet all the ICMJE authorship criteria but have contributed to the research work or manuscript through activities like acquisition of funding, general administrative support, writing assistance and technical writing, language editing, proofreading, etc. should be acknowledged in the 'Acknowledgment' section. Please click here to know more about 'non-author contributors':

https://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html

In the rare event of change(s) in authorship i.e., addition of a new author or deletion of a named author or change order of the authors, the corresponding author must email the IJAAR (editor@ijaar.in) citing the reason(s) for the intended change(s) in authorship or order of the authors. The email must be copied to all the author(s) and a consent form stating the reasons of change of authorship and signed by each author must be attached. The IJAAR Editorial  will review and a decision will then be communicated to all the authors.

Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to each of the three components mentioned below:

  1. Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data;
  2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.

Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient for authorship. Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors. The journal prescribes a maximum number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope and number of institutions involved (vide infra). The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.

Page limitations for Manuscript:
Original research articles should not exceed 6 pages
Short notes up to 3 pages
Review articles should not exceed 8 pages

General guidelines:
The manuscript should be neatly typed with a single space in between the sentence including the tables without any grammatical mistakes and spelling mistakes. All Ayurvedic terms are to be made italics and the relevant English meaning of the Ayurvedic terms  where the first time appears should be given in the bracket 
Prepare the manuscript in A4 size with at least 2.54 cm margins on all sides, and quote the page number serially.
The whole manuscript should prepare in Times New Roman with a font size of 12. The title shall be in font size 14 bolded with all capitals.

Name the main author's surname first (first name middle name) with the highest educational qualification /designation/ institute name /hospital name/etc, E-mail id, phone number/ country.
Details of the corresponding author should be mentioned separately.

Subtitles should be in font size 12 Bold Capitals. Subheadings shall be 12 font bold lowercase. Botanical name / Latin name/Ayurvedic terms should be in Italics. Every Article to be subjected to plagiarism software 

Arrange the manuscript in the following order

Title: The title should describe in brief the contents of the article.

Abstract:

keywords:

Introduction:
Materials and methods:
Observations and Results:
Discussion:
Conclusion:
Acknowledgment:
References:

Original Research Articles:
Original articles includes Randomized clinical controlled trials, surveys, Drug trials, Single case studies, screening of cases, and Diagnostic studies.

Abstract:

All abstracts must be organized into a structured format appropriate to the type of article using the headings listed in the following table:
 
Primary Research Literature Reviews Case Reports
Aim Aim Aim
Materials & Methods Background Background
Results Review Results Case Description
Conclusion Conclusion Conclusion
Clinical Significance Clinical Significance Clinical Significance

The abstract should not exceed more than 250 words.No hyperlinks for references cited in the Abstract.

Keywords: Six important keywords should be mentioned for the purpose of indexing (Preferably with the terms which are not mentioned in the title and required for search).

1) Ethics committee approval letter is mandatory for all original research articles. 

Conflicts of Interest of each author/ contributor. A statement of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest, if that information is not included in the manuscript itself or in an author's form

Introduction: The introduction should be concise it should include the background of the subject, earlier works carried out and the relationship and significance of this work, and the aims and objectives of this study, and identify what issues are going to be addressed

Materials and methods:
Ethics: When reporting studies on humans beings indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and are to be approved/clearance by the (Institutional/regional/National)Ethical committee with obtained informed consent from all research participants in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki by mentioning the experimental participants in the study(https://www.wma.net/policies-post/wma-declaration-of-helsinki-ethical-principles-for-medical-research-involving-human-subjects/). Informed consent in case of participants and minors: Informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article. Involving the participation of minors (e.g., consent from legal guardians) and conducting clinical trials Informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the manuscript. Statistical methods should be clearly specified.    Animal experimental procedures should be as human as possible and the details of anesthetics and analgesics used should be clearly stated. The ethical standards of experiments must be in accordance with the guidelines provided by the CPCSEA and World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki on Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Humans for studies involving experimental animals and human beings, respectively). The journal will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. A statement on ethics committee permission and ethical practices must be included in all research articles under the ‘Materials and Methods’ section. Study design:  Selection and Description of Participants: Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Technical information: Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer's name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow other workers to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.Reports of randomized clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods of randomization, concealment of allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement (http://www.consort-statement.org).                                                           Reporting Guidelines for Specific Study Designs:                                    

Guideline

 Type of Study

                  Source

STROBE

Observational studies including cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies

https://www.strobe-statement.org/index.php?id=available-checklists

CONSORT

Randomized controlled trials

http://www.consort-statement.org

SQUIRE

Quality improvement projects

http://squire-statement.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.ViewPage&PageID=471

QUOROM

Systematic reviews and meta-analyses

http://www.consort-statement.org/Initiatives/MOOSE/moose.pdf   

STARD

Studies of diagnostic accuracy

 https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/full/10.1148/radiol.2015151516

CARE

Case Reports

https://www.care-statement.org/checklist

Statistics: Whenever possible quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Authors should report losses to observation (such as, dropouts from a clinical trial). When data are summarized in the Results section, specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Avoid non-technical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as 'random' (which implies a randomizing device), 'normal', 'significant', 'correlations', and 'sample'. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. Use upper italics (P 0.048). For all P values include the exact value and not less than 0.05 or 0.001. Mean differences in continuous variables, proportions in categorical variables and relative risks including odds ratios and hazard ratios should be accompanied by their confidence intervals.

Observations and Results: Mention important observations found during the study if required represent in the form of graphs, tables, figures, and good-quality visual documents.

Tables

1. Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.

2. Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable.

3. Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each.

Illustrations (Figures)

1. Upload the images in JPEG format. The file size should be within 4 MB in size while uploading.

2. Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.

3. Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size. The lettering for figures should be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit the width of a printed column.

4. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background and should be marked neatly with transfer type or by tissue overlay and not by pen.

5. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends for illustrations not on the illustrations themselves.

6. When graphs, scatter-grams, or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.

7. The photographs and figures should be trimmed to remove all the unwanted areas.

8. If photographs of individuals are used, their pictures must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.

9. If a figure has been published elsewhere, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. A credit line should appear in the legend for such figures.

Discussion: The discussion should focus on the new and important findings of the study. The observations should be related to other relevant studies in a logical sequence. It should summarize, but not repeat the Results. The Discussion should end with a summary of the data and conclusions. The conclusions should be linked with the aims and objectives of the study and should clearly state whether the objective was achieved. Limitations of the study should also be mentioned. if any adverse effects of the drug can also be discussed.

Conclusion: The conclusion should be concise with a clear explanation
References: These should be numbered consecutively in order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order) and placed as endnote. In the text they should be indicated above the line (superscripted). it should be in without end note format. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as "unpublished observations" with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a "personal communication" unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text.

Examples of Classical Ayurvedic Literature or other old literature or translated books:

Format: Translator. Title with the name of the original author. Edition. Place of Publication; Publisher; Date of Publication. Page no

e.g:

1.AcharyaYT, editor. Commentary Nibandha Sangraha of Dalhanacharya on Sushruta Samhita of Sushruta, Sutra Sthana. Ch. 38., Ver. 71. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Surbharti Publisher; 2018. p. 189.

2.Kashinnath P, Gorakhnath C, editors. Hindi Commentary of Vidyotini on Charaka Samhita of Agnivesha, Siddhi Sthana. Ch. 2., Ver. 13. Varanasi: Cukhambha Sanskrit Series Office; 2013. p. 981         

From books:

Format: Author. Title. Edition. Place of Publication; Publisher; Date of Publication. Page no

e.g:

1. Das S. A Concise Textbook of Surgery. The kidney and Ureter Ch. 49. 6th ed. Kolkata: Dr S.Das 2010. p. 1083‑5, 1091.

2. Farquarson’s Textbook of Operative General Surgery. Margaret Farquharson and Brendan Moran. Chp 23, 9th ed. London: Hodder Arnold; 2005. p. 439.

From journals:

Format: Authors. Article title. Journal title. Date of publication;Volume(Issue); Page no

e.g:

1. Kumari S.M.M.W. (2023). An Observational Study on Treatment Line of Sandhigatavata (Osteoarthritis) - A Case Report. International Journal of Applied Ayurved Research, 5(11), 900–906. Retrieved From Https://Ijaar.In/Index.Php/Journal/Article/View/1019

2. Kumari S.M.M.W, Wickramasinghe M.R.M, & Harapathdeniya S K M K. (2022). Pharmaceutical Analysis of Denibadiya Decoction in Survey on Treatment Line For Hemipleagia (Pakshaghata). International Journal of Applied Ayurved Research, 5(8), 646–654. Retrieved From Https://Ijaar.In/Index.Php/Journal/Article/View/893

 From Websites or Internet content: 

Format: The link to the website content should be mentioned followed by the date and time of browsing the content. 

e.g: 

1. Sanskrit–Dictionary.(n.d.).Sanskrit–Dictionary.viSahara.Availablefrom: https://www.learnsanskrit.cc/translate? Search = viSahara&dir = se. [Last accessed on 2023 Mar 06].

Case Report:

Title 1 The words “Case report” should be in the title along with the area of focus.

Keywords: 5 to 6 keywords that identify areas covered in this case report. 

Abstract

3a Introduction—What is unique about this case? What does it add to the medical literature? 

3b The main symptoms of the patient and the important clinical findings. 

3c The main diagnoses, therapeutic interventions, and outcomes.

3d Conclusion—What are the main “take-away” lessons from this case? 

Introduction

4 One or two paragraphs summarizing why this case is unique with references. 

Patient Information

5a De-identified demographic information and other patient-specific information. 

5b Main concerns and symptoms of the patient. 

5c Medical, family, and psychosocial history including relevant genetic information (also see timeline). 

5d Relevant past interventions and their outcomes. 

Clinical Findings

6 Describe the relevant physical examination (PE) and other significant clinical findings. 

Timeline

7 Important information from the patient’s history organized as a timeline. 

Diagnostic

Assessment

8a Diagnostic methods (such as PE, laboratory testing, imaging, surveys). 

8b Diagnostic challenges (such as access, financial, or cultural). 

8c Diagnostic reasoning including other diagnoses considered. 

8d Prognostic characteristics (such as staging in oncology) where applicable.

Therapeutic

Intervention

9a Types of intervention (such as pharmacologic, surgical, preventive, self-care). 

9b Administration of intervention (such as dosage, strength, duration). 

9c Changes in the intervention (with rationale). 

Follow-up and Outcomes

10a Clinician and patient-assessed outcomes (when appropriate). 

10b Important follow-up diagnostic and other test results. 

10c Intervention adherence and tolerability (How was this assessed?). 

10d Adverse and unanticipated events. 

Discussion:

11a Discussion of the strengths and limitations of your approach to this case.

11b Discussion of the relevant medical literature. 

11c The rationale for conclusions (including assessment of possible causes). 

11d The primary “take-away” lessons of this case report.

Patient Perspective:

12 When appropriate the patient should share their perspective on the treatments they received. 

Informed consent of participants and minors: Informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article. Involving the participation of minors (e.g., consent from legal guardians) and conducting clinical trials Informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the manuscript.

13 Did the patient give informed consent? Please provide it if requested.  Yes No

Interesting and new cases can be reported providing great therapeutic effect, including specific diagnostic criteria help full to the students and researchers these should be included an abstract, keywords introduction, case report, discussion, and references.

Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy:  

 Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, sonograms, CT scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients' names from figures unless they have obtained informed consent from the patients. The journal abides by ICMJE guidelines:

1) Authors, not the journals nor the publisher, need to obtain the patient consent form before the publication and have the form properly archived. The consent forms are not to be uploaded with the cover letter or sent through email to editorial or publisher offices.

2) If the manuscript contains patient images that preclude anonymity, or a description that has obvious indication to the identity of the patient, a statement about obtaining informed patient consent should be indicated in the manuscript.

Sending a revised manuscript:        

The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a manner similar to that used for the submission of the manuscript for the first time. However, there is no need to submit the “First Page” or “Covering Letter” file while submitting a revised version.

Review Articles: It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done on the subject related to fundamental principles, diseases, and drugs. A short summary of the work done by the contributor in the field of Ayurveda. These methods should be summarized in the abstract.

Conflict of interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal, or other relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

Galley Proof:

  • After the Acceptance for publication in the maximum number of times, all the errors and corrections were carried out at the time of re-prints and sent to the author for final corrections before publication. It was clearly mentioned in the email which includes the final reprints PDF file of the manuscript that no further changes will be done after the publication.
  • Our Editors work hard to maintain the integrity of the scientific record. For this reason, mostly no changes will be done in case of minor corrections like typographical errors or other minor issues that do not substantively impact the article’s scientific integrity, understanding, or indexing                                                                                                                           Corrections and Retractions:

    At our research journal, we are committed to maintaining the highest standards of accuracy and integrity in the research we publish. We understand that errors, omissions, or other issues may arise that require correction or retraction of published material. To that end, we have established the following policies regarding correction and retraction:

    Correction

    We will publish corrections to errors or omissions in published material as soon as possible. Authors or readers who identify errors or omissions in published material should notify us immediately. We will investigate the issue and publish a correction or erratum as appropriate.

    If, after reading the guidelines, authors believe a correction or retraction is necessary for the complete published article, it is the responsibility of authors to notify us as soon as possible, especially if it affects the interpretation of data or reliability of information presented and that too with the consent of all the authors presented in the article.

    Letter of changes or corrections after publication will be linked with the original article which is accessible to readers. Changes may be attached in the form of a Corrigendum, Correction, Retraction, and in rare circumstances a Removal.

    The correction procedure depends on the processing and publication stage of the article, following are some circumstances:

    Online First publication (publication-in-progress):

    Sometimes author requested to make necessary changes after the online publication of the article. This may be done after consideration and approval by the Editors and that should be according to guidelines.

    In the Online first article, if there are major errors or corrections or it is informed by the author after the online publication of the article, then it may be modified and the article will be updated with the latest version before print publication. A correction notice will be published online and linked to the article.

    The author has to provide a detailed statement and proof for any correction at this time of publication stage with the consent of all the other authors of the article. 

    Retractions

    A Retraction notice will be issued where a major mistake invalidates the conclusions or affect the interpretation of data in the manuscript. The retraction appeal should have been received before the specified commenting deadline.

    Appeals are considered by the IJAAR Journal editorial team and may be discussed with the journal’s Editor(s)-in-Chief, Editor, Editorial Board Members, and/or with the article’s external reviewer.

    Decisions on retraction and Expression of Concern appeals are final. We will not consider further rounds of appeal.

    The decision to issue a retraction for an article will be made in accordance with journal guidelines and it may be done in the following circumstances:

    • If the Editor found that there is research misconduct or publication misconduct has taken place.
    • Fabrication of data
    • If the research or findings have previously been published in some other publication without permission or justification.
    • Where there is fraudulent authorship.
    • In case research constitutes plagiarism more than the allowed percentage.
    • If the Editor found evidence of unethical research.
    • The integrity of research may also be compromised by an inappropriate methodology that could lead to retraction.

     An investigation will be held by the editorial staff in collaboration with the reviewer and editors. Authors and institutions may request a retraction of their articles if their reasons meet the criteria for retraction.

    We will be transparent about any corrections or retractions that we publish. We will clearly identify the corrections or retractions in the publication and explain the reasons for the correction or retraction. After the decision to retract has been taken an article will add a footnote or watermark to the published article. It may also issue a retraction statement separately. It will be available in the online issue of that journal. The PDF may be removed or replaced with an updated version watermarked with “Retracted.”

    Retracted articles cannot be published elsewhere because it is retracted for a major reason and is not appropriate for inclusion in the scientific literature anywhere. Depending on how long an item has been published, it may have been included in indexing databases or crawled by search engines. Some indexing and abstracting services will require submitting a request to make any changes to the metadata and it may take time to take effect. We will notify the authors of any corrections or retractions and work with them to address the issue. We will also notify readers of the publication of any corrections or retractions. We maintain a record of all corrections and retractions and make this information available to the public. Article Processing Charges (APCs) will not be refunded in case of retraction.

    Article replacement (Publication of Previously Retracted Work)

    Sometimes authors are able to resolve all the issues for retraction decisions and wish to pursue republication in the journal, they should contact the journal editorial committee and inquire about guidelines or requirements for submissions of previously retracted work. Unresolved concerns of potential misconduct will not be considered for republication.

    A revised version of the retracted manuscript will be peer-reviewed again carefully if editors and approval for publication will publish in coming issue.

    The prior version of the article is archived; this archive may be directly accessible to readers. Previous electronic versions will prominently note that there are more recent versions of the article.

    The original article, retraction statement, and updated version of the article will be available as related content on journal web pages.

    Post-publication corrections and updates: IJAAR provide mechanisms for correcting errors or updating information in published articles. This includes issuing errata or providing updated information in subsequent publications.

Publication frequency: 

International journal of applied Ayurveda Research (IJAAR) publishes 6 issues in a year in the following months:

January - February issue in the month of March. 

March - April issue in the month of May. 

May - June issue in the month of July.

July - August issue in the month of September. 

September - October issue in the month of November.

November - December issue in the month of January.

Publication charges: The charge for publication of the journal includes web maintenance for Reviewers.  Rs. 1500/- INR The authors have to pay the amount after complete acceptance of their manuscript before the publication the Editor in Chief is communicated with regarding the processing Fee and mode of payment.

Note: The Editor in Chief reserves the right to make alterations in the manuscripts which do not meet the scientific standard of IJAAR and with repetitive mistakes.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.